When HR policies are not enough to overcome job segregation, this translates into a lack of diversity.
Workplaces have been fairly homogeneous, for more than 40 years. (Harvard research).
1. Extinction of large companies.
Research shows that, since 2000, 52% of Fortune 500 companies have gone bankrupt, have been acquired or have ceased to exist. Large companies can fail and can be drastically reduced or acquired.
2. The large number of startups.
Since they are new companies they tend to be more homogeneous, over time they tend to become more diverse. Currently, the number of these companies exceeds the number of large companies that have made progress in ending job segregation.
Most laws related to the discrimination of the labor force in hiring are activated when companies reach a certain size. Older and larger firms have more formal procedures to increase diversity.
4. Misuse of algorithms.
When algorithms are poorly programmed or include important biases that reduce diversity in their programming.
The truth is that there are more and more minorities in the world today. However, employers are still extremely homogenous.
6. Lack of horizontal inclusion.
The number of white workers in the financial sector of companies has increased, while there are more ethnically diverse workers in the cleaning, cooking and low-wage jobs that support firms.